I consider myself an economic historian, with research interests in the areas of labor and demographic economics. My research is focused on how the economic environment of an area affects local and individual outcomes, with particular interest in conscious efforts to improve this environment through the provision of local public goods. It involves the use of large panel datasets and the collection of qualitative information to test and establish different hypothesized relationships. A large part of my research studies the evolution and effects of U.S. public health programs in the early 20th century. This includes the early maternity and infancy programs occurring in American cities, as well as the health education and soil conservation programs happening within the counties during the same period. In addition to the early U.S. public health efforts, my research also considers the effects of local economic conditions on mortality, fertility, and marital behavior in different population contexts across North America and Europe.